Artificial intelligence, abbreviated as AI, is a human-like intelligence system/machine. Artificial Intelligence is the technology that tries to simulate human reasoning/human brain in machines or computers.Artificial Intelligence

So in this technology, machines are programmed to think like humans. In simpler words, artificial intelligence is the capability of a computer program to learn, think, and do tasks like humans.

Understanding Artificial Intelligence

The core principle of AI is to make a computer or machine to mimic the capabilities of the human mind/human reasoning. These machines perform tasks in a very similar way to human brains, often by sensing and responding to a feature of their environment.

In addition to these, they also have the capability of identifying objects, knowledge, and responding to language, making decisions, solving problems.

Artificial Intelligence is solely devoted to developing artificial humans, the machines which can perform human-like tasks. These machines perform tasks that typically require human intelligence. Well, AI is not just about robots, rather a broad topic in computer science. It includes advanced topics like machine learning, neural networks, deep learning.

AI has made our daily life much easier through various means. Advanced artificial intelligence can do tasks such as communicating with humans, voice recognition, facial recognition, driving cars, playing chess, self-learning, and many more. The movie/series recommendation that you get on Netflix/YouTube is also due to AI.

A Brief History

The major study of AI started in the 1950s though there have been various theories about humanoids in Greek and Egyptian mythology. In 1950, a British mathematician published a paper centered on how to build an intelligent machine, which caught the interests of various scientists on artificial intelligence.

The field of AI research was born at the Dartmouth College conference in 1956, where the term ‘Artificial Intelligence’ was coined for the first time by John McCarthy. John McCarthy is recognized as the father of AI.

From 1957 to 1975, the field of AI has started to grow as the computer become cheaper and faster. In the late 1970s, the interests in the fields of AI dropped off: however restored in the early 1980s.In 1997, IBMs Deep Blue computer beat the world chess champion, which showed machines are no less intelligent than humans.

In early 2000, due to the easy accessibility of computers and their high computing capability helped AI to achieve new heights. AI nowadays became super-advanced that goes beyond human capacity. These machines can do jobs at much higher speed, with more precision, and in a shorter time.AI is everywhere, from auto-search on Google to self-driving cars.

Uses of Artificial Intelligence

Artificial intelligence is used almost everywhere, from your smartphone to business to medical science. The face ID you use every day to unlock your smartphone use AI, the video recommendation on YouTube uses AI, the self-driving cars use AI. There are innumerable uses of AI. Let’s point of some of them,

1. Chatbots

It is a computer-generated assistant that serves as an online customer service representative. It is mainly used by the finance company or a service providing company to serve its customers.

2. Artificial Intelligence In eCommerce

The use of AI in business help in sales, market, makes the company gain much profit in less budget and time.

3. Artificial Intelligence In Medical Sciences

From disease detection to robotic surgery, AI has been a great help in the medical field.

4. Voice assistants

Voice assistants like Alexa, Siri, Bixby, Cortona use machine learning technology, which is a part of AI.

5. Home Appliances

Home appliances such as the thermostat and air conditioner use advanced algorithms to predict the temperature needs and adjust the right temperature for you.

6. Self-driving Car

The self-driving feature in the car is one of the biggest use of AI. Tesla has manufactured a self-driving car.

Furthermore, it can help in logistics, supply chains, game betting industries, hotel chains.

Apart from these, there are various other uses of AI like text prediction, plagiarism checking, fraud detection, image detection, etc.

Major Companies Working on AI

From Amazon to Google and Microsoft, every major tech company is working on AI to deliver the best AI experience ever. Here are some of the major companies working in the field of AI,

  • Amazon
  • Google
  • Microsoft
  • OpenAI
  • IBM
  • Tempus
  • AEye
  • AlphaSense
  • Nauto
  • Grammarly

Why Artificial Intelligence is Needed?

AI has made our life much easier through various means and now has become part of our daily lives. Artificial Intelligence improves accuracy, speed, and the effectiveness of human efforts.

For example, AI helps to identify you in a group photo or correct grammar in the text phrase, or fraud detection in online transactions/payments. It is hard to imagine life without AI as it is intertwined with everything we do. Here are a few points’ supports why AI is needed,

  • AI influences the business
  • AI is improving healthcare
  • AI performs tedious tasks
  • AI helps in Fraud detection
  • AI performs tasks with high accuracy
  • AI has application in diverse sectors

Advantages and Disadvantages of AI

Though AI is of great use in our daily lives; however, there are some downsides associated with it. Below are some advantages and disadvantages of AI,


  1. Introduces new techniques to solve problems
  2. Handles huge information in a better way than humans do
  3. Increases work efficiency
  4. Provides precision
  5. Increases productivity
  6. Available 24*7
  7. Improved decision making
  8. Digital Assistant


  1. Creates Unemployment
  2. High costs of Implementation
  3. Lacks Creativity
  4. Lacks Emotions
  5. Make Humans Lazy


Every technology has both pros and cons, but the advantages of AI overweight’s disadvantages. AI has improved the way we think and the way we perform daily tasks. Though it creates unemployment, it increases overall productivity. With the help of AI, we are getting a better opportunity to define our needs and transform those needs into reality.


(Last Updated On: April 6, 2021)