Libertarians are constantly misunderstood as off-brand Republicans in a political environment governed by a two-party structure.

Libertarians Vs RepublicansBoth the Republican and Libertarian Parties advocate restricting the federal government’s influence in the United States. Compared with the Republican Party, however, the Libertarian Party supports more stringent limitations on government control.  differ greatly on the topics of national security and foreign interference.

Although the two groups often agree on topics, there are clear ideological divisions between them, mainly on the topics of national security and foreign interference particularly in the Trump period. But let’s clear up the misunderstanding about the distinction between Libertarians and Republicans, briefly. Have a look: 

Differences Between Libertarians and Republicans

Particulars  Libertarian   Republican
Philosophy  Socially liberal and fiscally conservative Conservative, right-leaning 
Stance on military issues  Mixed More spending 
Stance on abortion  Mixed Abortion should be illegal and the Constitution should be changed in order to prohibit the practice.
Stance on gay marriage    Oppose state intervention, whether heterosexual or homosexual, in personal affairs. Opposed the court’s decision (some disagree). 
Stance on death penalty  Mixed  supported by a vast majority of Republicans.


“Libertarianism is a political philosophy centered on the individual’s rights, or, as the Ole Declaration of Independence would say, “…the right to life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness.

In their personal, family, and business decisions, libertarians firmly oppose government intervention. They feel that people should be entitled to live their lives as they see fit as long as they do not hurt someone else. The non-aggression principle is bound by ideology (NAP). This ensures that no one can, for any cause other than in the protection of their freedom, be subjected to abuse, intimidation, or the use of force. In other words, just don’t get the fight started.

Libertarians say you’re free to say, eat, drink, purchase, sell, read, and do whatever you want, as long as you don’t hurt someone or steal things from anyone else along the way. The Libertarian motto is “Live and let live”.


There are a lot of Libertarians. When Ron Paul campaigned for the Republican nomination in 2008 and 2012, the party gained considerable visibility, especially among the younger crowd.

Paul’s son, Sen. Rand Paul of Kentucky, recently campaigned in 2016 for the Republican nod. Another explanation why people confuse the two parties is this discrepancy-a Libertarian vying on the Republican platform.

Still, in debates about things like military spending, foreign intervention, and mass incarceration, all long-held Libertarian causes, you will remember Rand chastising his fellow candidates. The Pauls are not the only members of the Libertarian party who are popular. Just a handful of well-known Libs is Penn Jillete, Joe Rogan, John Popper, Peter Thiel, Vince Vaughn, John Stossel, Big Boi (from OutKast).


Libertarians claim that when it comes to politics, a government large enough to give you everything you desire is often large enough to snatch it away. Libertarians claim that governments have a monopoly on the use of force and violence by running the police, military, and courts.

Governments are able to enact legislation by these agencies (whether we comply with them or not) and charge their residents to administer these and other services. They contend that the state is simply an institutionalized version of the mafia that will take your money at gunpoint, but will provide “services and security.”

“Taxation is theft, although it is theft on a grand and monumental scale that could not be imagined to equal most recognized offenders” according to Murray Rothbard, a well-known libertarian. Libertarians claim that states should be so small that they can handle voluntary monetary contributions alone, equivalent to membership in a country club or gym.

Federal Reserve

The Libertarian Party supports putting an end to the Federal Reserve’s inflationary policies and tender laws, which it calls “unconstitutional.” Libertarians advocate a free-market banking policy that would allow bank competition and the free use of commodity-based currencies chosen by consumers.

International Affairs

In its platform, the Libertarian Party argues that the United States should end its foreign intervention policy – both military and economic aid. Libertarians argue that by “avoiding foreign entanglements” and emphasizing defense against an attack from outside the country, the United States would do a better job of promoting peace in the world.

Civil Rights

Typically, governments provide certain rights and privileges to their citizens, and to others subject to their authority. These are sometimes formal protections for the natural rights of people, such as the First Amendment, which protects the natural right of people to freedom of expression.

Other times, civil rights are things that only make sense, such as the right to vote, the right to a jury trial, or the right to a public defender, in the context of a given set of institutions. What libertarians believe about civil rights has already begun to be explained in the section on criminal justice, but not all civil rights involve criminal trials.

Typically, looking beyond criminal justice issues, a libertarian favors a wide and strong set of civil rights that protect individuals as equally as possible, regardless of group membership or social status. This involves things such as robust protection of privacy against state surveillance, petition and protest rights, and the right to access government documents.


The Libertarians believe in a much greater decentralization of American education that gives control to parents over “all funds” used in the education of their children.


No single issue unites libertarians more than war over the years and around the globe, and no other issue is more significant. A libertarian despises warfare. In fact, the whole libertarian project could be seen as an opposition to war and militarism: a libertarian rejects the use of violence to induce others to do what one wants.

In addition, a libertarian is hostile to the attempts of the state to impose military regimentation on society as a whole, treating citizens as soldiers, organized and trained by the state to affect the ends of the state. The indirect effects of warming abroad are often inconsistent with freedom at home. After the fighting stops, the size and power of the state, which increases during wartime, rarely return to prewar levels.

Because wars inevitably generate widespread death and property destruction, threaten civil liberties, and promote nationalist thinking rather than individualism and cosmopolitanism, libertarians treat war as an absolute last resort.


The Republican Party, known as the Grand Old Party (GOP), is one of the two dominant political parties in the United States, the Democratic Party being the other. The Republican Party, formed in 1854 as a coalition to oppose the expansion of slavery to Western territories, fought after the Civil War to defend the rights of African Americans. In general, today’s GOP is socially conservative and supports smaller government, less control, lower taxes, and less economic federal interference.


Every four years, the Republican National Committee (RNC) drafts a party agenda. The manifesto outlines the Republican Party’s official values, legislative stances, and goals. It also acts as a tool for helping politicians form their messages up and down the ballot and for keeping candidates accountable to the wider consensus of the party. On June 10, 2020, the Republican National Committee’s Executive Committee voted to follow the same platform used by the party in 2016.

The decision was followed by a series of changes to the itinerary and venue of the Republican National Convention due to the coronavirus pandemic, including the decrease from 2,500 to 336 of the number of in-person delegates attending the Charlotte Convention in North Carolina and the cancellation of the Platform Committee conference.


Republicans advocate tax cuts for all: rich and poor. They think a smaller government will need less tax money to support itself. Any Republicans are supporters of a ‘flat tax’ where all individuals, irrespective of income class, pay the same amount of their income in taxes. They consider higher tax rates on the wealthy a type of class warfare.

Minimum Wage

Republicans claim that it affects businesses to increase the minimum wage, which helps them hire fewer employees, dragging down the economy for everyone. They also argue that since the cost of living in each state is different, minimum wage legislation should take that into account rather than mandating a nationwide wage of $15. (which they argue is too high for some states).

Legal Immigration

Republicans are in favor of “merit-based” or “point-based” legal immigration. Countries like Canada and Australia use those schemes to allow legal entry visas for citizens with in-demand expertise who can add to the economy.

The flip side of such a scheme is that, for family-based immigrants, not enough visas will be available. A merit-based method is indeed the opposite of the “Give me your tired, your poor, your huddled masses yearning to breathe free, The wretched refuse of your teeming shore.” philosophy.

Famous Republican

Ever since Richard Nixon became president, Republicans have dominated the White House for 28 of the last 43 years. Popular presidents of the Republic include Abraham Lincoln, who ended slavery; Teddy Roosevelt, known for the Panama Canal; Ronald Reagan, credited with Gorbachev with ending the Cold War; and presidents of the two Bush families. Richard Nixon, the Republican President, was forced to resign over the Watergate scandal.

International Affairs

For the nation, the Republicans support a more involved position. In their 2012 party platform, the Republicans mentioned a number of “growing threats” to U.S. national security, citing threats such as the pursuit of nuclear missiles by Iran and “rising Chinese hegemony in the Asia Pacific region” as examples.

The Republicans disagreed with the reduction of the military spending by Democratic President Barack Obama, arguing that more funds should be spent in this region at a time of increasing challenges.


At the city and state levels, rather than at the federal level, the Republican Party advocates more education funding. It believes a stronger educational system will be created by a more localized state school. The aim of a world-class education system, according to its official 2012 party platform, is to preserve “American preeminence.”

Federal Reserve

The Republicans said in their 2012 platform that the Federal Reserve plays an’ important role as a last resort lender.’ While the party respects the central bank’s presence and role, it favors reform that will demand greater transparency and accountability.


(Last Updated On: February 13, 2021)
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