The facts about White Tiger are very interesting and informative to preserve their existence. The White Tiger is also known as Bleached Tiger, the family of Bengal Tigers and Siberian Tigers. Some are hybrids, below is some information about the habitat as well as facts about White Tigers.
What is White Tiger?
White tigers are noticeable due to their fur and coats. The white coat is due to a lack of pigment pheomelanin that is abundantly present in orange coated Bengal Tigers. The majority of its coat is a light cream color, with very light brown or grey stripes.
They grow faster and are heavier than the orange Bengal Tiger since birth. The age of sexual maturity in White Bengal Tigers is 3-4 years. They can sprint up to 60 miles per hour and has a lifespan of 10-20 years.
Family Of White Tiger
Tigers come under phylum “Chordata” and order “Carnivora” and suborder “Feliformia”. Tiger belongs to the family “Felidae” and subfamily “Pantherinae” and genus “Panthera”. The tiger (Panthera Tigris) is the largest of all the wild cats, yet is on the verge of extinction.
Where does White Bengal Tiger live?
There is no particular division or subspecies of White Tiger, those furs are white due to lack of pigment. They are found highly in Asian Countries like India, China, Bangladesh, and also in Siberia where there are grasslands that suit their habitat. They are currently listed as an endangered species with only 5,000 to 7,000 registered in Asia.
Appearance Of White Tiger
They have white coats with black stripes. The stripes are similar to that of the Bengal Tigers. White tigers face leucism resulting in partial loss of pigmentation in the animal’s body. It can cause the white, pale, and patchy color of the skin.
Size and Weight Of White Tiger
White Bengal Tigers tend to be heavier in size from their birth. Their mass is about 90 to 310 kgs. Their length is 7-11ft long and the height is 70-120cm tall. These white tigers are usually present mostly in the Indian States of Madhya Pradesh, West Bengal, Bihar, Assam, and Odisha.
Facts About White Tiger
The density of furs of these white tigers depends upon the climatic area of their surroundings. In cooler or wet climates, they develop long and thick coat. In hot weather, the fur is thinner and shorter. Underneath their hair, there is a warm and soft layer to keep them warm.
Here are some interesting facts about White Tigers:
1. Their color is rare
The stripes in the white tiger are the result of pigmentation on its skin. If their fur gets shaved, the distinctive pattern would still be visible. These tigers are only born when their parents carry the unique gene or unusual recessive white color gene in their body that is for white coloring.
When there is a lack of pigment known as Phenomelanin, white coloration occurs in natural orange tigers. It is rare and only happens only once in 10,000 births. With white color shade, these tigers have a distinct pink nose and blue eyes.
2. They love eating protein in their diets/lethal hunters
Similar to other tigers, white tigers are carnivores, hunters. They are known as great swimmers, so they hunt in both lands and water. They can even hunt on prey that is comparatively larger than them.
They have the potential to bring down animals that weigh more than a ton. Their favorite animals for feeding are monkeys, birds, deer, and wild cattle. Once they have a large meal, these tigers will hunt again after few days of feasting. Their tactics of attacking are ambushing the prey and hunting in surprise.
3. They need plenty of space
White tigers need to have their habitat 20 miles away into the wilds to roam, hunt and live. A large amount of space will make them feel comfortable hunting. They will get enough preys within these spaces. They prefer staying away from urban areas and human beings.
They love spending their lives in a wild forest. The surrounding where white tigers reside needs to have plenty of covers so that they could hunt efficiently. Orange tigers are comparatively adaptive to a different environment than white tigers.
A female white tiger requires 20 square kilometers of territory. Whereas male white tiger requires 60 to 100 square kilometers, which is enormous. They love to stay near water like lakes, ponds, and rivers. This fact about White Tiger shows when they need such a big area to survive what else would happen if we intervene.
4. They love their family
The fact about White Tiger that they live as a family is surprising fulfilling all their requirements and responsibilities. These tigers don’t live in permanent groups like lions, but female white tigers live together with their cubs until they are full adults. Raising their cubs is a crucial phase of female white tigresses.
A Female white tigress gets pregnant for three and half months after a successful mating. They give birth to about 3 or 4 cubs at a time. Their cubs depend upon their mother until one and a half years old.
Male white tigers will provide full protection to their female and cubs from other rivals. These cubs will stay with their family for more than two years. Later, they get separated from their family and live a solitary life.
5. Threats to white tigers
Apart from humans, some animals can be a threat to these tigers. Animals like large buffaloes, Rhinos, Bears, and Elephants can be dangerous to tigers sometimes. However, tigers are cautious and alert every time.
Usually, these tigers don’t hunt animals that are comparatively larger than them until they are hungry or their cubs get attacked. Apart from these animals, the main predator of tigers are we human beings. Human beings have gone way too far to torture tigers.
White tigers, as well as other tigers, get hunted by human beings for their skin. Human beings also believe in superstitious activities that stimulate them to kill tigers. Human beings have destructed and damaged the natural habitat of tigers for their selfish purposes. The frustrating facts about White Tiger’s population are they have declined by over 96% in the past 100 years.
6. They are not albinos
As mentioned above, white tigers face loss in pigmentation. Most people think they are albinos. In fact, they aren’t. They aren’t separate species like albinos. White tigers are Bengal tigers. Let’s say they are a unique form of Bengal Tigers. Facts about White Tiger being the albinos is just the misconception.
When two Bengal Tigers carrying recessive gene successfully mates and give birth to cubs, white tigers are born. The recessive genes present in parents are responsible for controlling color coat. It is a rare genetic mutation seen in tigers. Most zoos try to create white tigers by inbreeding father to daughter and father to granddaughter to get the recessive genes.
7. They got listed as an endangered animal
IUCN has listed White Bengal Tigers as an endangered species. They are in the verse of extension due to many reasons like trophy hunting. Trophy haunters create habitat loss of these tigers as well as habitat fragmentation.
Hence to eliminate such problems, many conservationists encourage inbreeding techniques to increase the population of white tigers. According to the research and Indian Tiger Welfare Society, there are only 200 white tigers remaining.
Also, we can conserve them by protecting their habitat. Also promoting tiger friendly policies and using scientific research strategies to treasure tigers. This fact about White Tiger is discouraging but let’s start and give a voice in preserving their habitat.
Nature is full of surprises and has gifted earth with such beautiful creatures all around the world respective of their features, characters, and habitat. These are some facts about White Tiger that might have entertained you.
(Last Updated On: February 17, 2021)