The White Tiger is also known as Bleached Tiger, the family of Bengal Tigers and Siberian Tigers. They are the result of the parents with the recessive gene and get the white color due to genetic pigmentation.
They are not different from Bengal tigers. When the two Bengal tigers with recessive gene mate result in White tigers. Some are hybrids, below is some information about the habitat as well as facts about White Tigers.
White tigers are noticeable due to their fur and coats. The white coat is due to a lack of pigment pheomelanin abundantly present in orange-coated Bengal Tigers.
The majority of its coat is a light cream color, with very light brown or grey stripes. They grow faster and are heavier than the orange Bengal Tiger since birth.
The age of sexual maturity in White Bengal Tigers is 3-4 years. They can sprint up to 60 miles per hour and has a lifespan of 10-20 years. There is no particular division or subspecies of the White Tiger.
White Tigers are found highly in Asian Countries like India, China, Bangladesh, and Siberia, where grasslands suit their habitat.
They have white coats with black stripes. The stripes are similar to that of the Bengal Tigers.
White tigers face leucism resulting in partial loss of pigmentation in the animal’s body. It can cause the white, pale, and patchy color of the skin.
White Bengal Tigers tend to be heavier in size from their birth. Their mass is about 90 to 310 kgs. Their length is 7-11ft long, and the height is 70-120cm tall.
White Tiger Facts
The density of furs of these white tigers depends upon the climatic area of their surroundings. In cooler or wet climates, they develop long and thick coats.
In hot weather, the fur is thinner and shorter. Underneath their hair, there is a warm and soft layer to keep them warm. Here are some interesting facts about White Tigers:
There are no white tigers in the wild, and the last one was shot in 1958 by a trophy hunter. The product of nine generations of inbreeding, there are 200 white tigers in captivity.
The origin of the white tiger was predicted in India from 1556 to 1605 AD. According to many researchers, the first citation of the stripe less White Tiger was recorded in 1820 in London at the Exeter Exchange.
The first White tiger captured in the wild was recorded in 1915 by the local maharaja and was kept in captivity until death. In 1951, Maharaja of Rewa, India, caught a two-year-old white tiger cub.
After the increasing population and rapid deforestation, White tigers became a threat to the passerby and the villages nearby, which is the main cause of their mass destruction.
The record of 17 white tigers being killed was documented between the 1920s and 1930s in India. Tiger hunting was common in areas like Poona, Bilaspur, and Orissa in India.
2. Their color is rare
The stripes in the white tiger are the result of pigmentation on its skin. If their fur gets shaved, the distinctive pattern would still be visible.
These tigers are only born when their parents carry the unique gene or unusual recessive white color gene in their body for white coloring.
When there is a lack of pigment known as Phenomelanin, white coloration occurs in natural orange tigers. It is rare and only happens once in 10,000 births.
With white color shade, these tigers have a distinct pink nose and blue eyes. These facts about White tigers explain its white coloration process.
3. Needs protein in their diet
Like all other cats, White Tigers’ digestive system is not compatible with digesting vegetables. So, they depend mostly on animal protein.
The amino acids taurine and arginine are essential nutrients for tigers. The absence of this element causes tooth decay, blindness, and heart failure.
Due to the absence of fatty acids and vitamins in their body, unlike omnivores and herbivores. They obtain all the proteins and vitamins feeding on other animals, which makes meat a critical diet.
4. Lethal hunters
Similar to other tigers, white tigers are carnivores, hunters. They are known as great swimmers, so they hunt in both lands and water.
White tigers can hunt on prey that is comparatively larger than them. They have the potential to bring down animals that weigh more than a ton.
Their favorite animals for feeding are monkeys, birds, deer, and wild cattle. Once they have a large meal, these tigers will hunt again after a few days of feasting.
The tactics of attacking and ambushing the prey and hunting are astounding facts about the white tigers.
5. They need plenty of space
White tigers need to have their habitat 20 miles away into the wilds to roam, hunt and live. A large amount of space will make them feel comfortable while hunting.
They prefer staying away from urban areas and human beings. They love spending their lives in a wild forest.
The surrounding where white tigers reside needs to have plenty of covers so that they can hunt efficiently. They will get enough prey within these spaces.
A female white tiger requires 20 square kilometers of territory. In comparison, a male white tiger requires 60 to 100 square kilometers, which is enormous.
They love to stay near water like lakes, ponds, and rivers. These facts about White Tigers show they want to live in peace until and unless they hunt for food.
6. They love their family
These tigers don’t live in permanent groups like lions, but female white tigers live together with their cubs until they are full adults. Raising their cubs is a crucial phase of female white tigresses.
A Female white tigress gets pregnant for three and half months after a successful mating. They give birth to about 3 or 4 cubs at a time.
Male white tigers will provide full protection to their female and cubs from other rivals. These cubs will stay with their family for more than two years.
Later, they get separated from their family and live a solitary life. These are some interesting facts about white tigers, where they understand and fulfill their responsibilities sincerely.
7. Size of tiger
The species of tiger are giant and heavy. Among them, white tigers are bigger than other tigers at birth and in adulthood. The height of the white tiger to the shoulder is about 80 to 110cms(31-43 inches).
The length of the White male tiger from head to tail is about 8-10 feet, and the female is about 7-9 feet. The weight of the White male tiger is around 190-240 kilograms and of the female is around 158 kilograms.
8. Habitat of tiger
White tigers are a type of Bengal tigers and are extinct in the wild but present in captivity or conservation areas. The habitat of the white tiger is similar to the Bengal tiger habitat.
The favorable habitats for tigers are tropical forests, mangrove swamps, and moist jungles with dense vegetation, where they can find plenty of prey and access to water throughout the year.
They prefer making the large territory and never fond to a trespasser in their area. Their habitat mainly depends on hunting and choosing a site with ample food, water, and trees.
In the current context, spotting White tigers in the Siberian desert, northeastern side of India, and southeastern region of China is very rare.
The enormous declination in the number of Bengal tigers decreases the probability of mating parents carrying recessive genes that produce White tigers.
Due to the result of recessive gene color mutation exhibiting the white fur, these tigers have high market value and are the target of poachers.
9. Solitary animal
White tigers leave their family in adulthood and stay as solitary animals. They roam their territory, slowly gazing for intruders. They spend their day relaxing, sleeping, and wandering in the evening hours.
They wait patiently, concentrating on their prey behind the bush or grass. These large cats are big enough to manage and handle their meal conveniently.
They only look for partners at the season of mating and stay with their family providing protection. The White tigers wander off when cubs can survive in the wild.
10. Mohan the first White tiger
The first white tiger captured by Maharaja Martand Singh of Rewa was recorded in 1981. The tiger was given the name Mohan and was used for breeding more white tigers.
Mohan was mated with other offspring to give a litter of the first white tiger cub documented years later. Most experts presume Mohan to be the ancestor of all the white tigers in the world today.
11. Cannot resist anesthesia
White tigers are adversely affected by anesthesia. In 1992, a white male tiger named Cheytan died in Cincinnati Zoo after being injected with anesthesia for a simple medical procedure.
White tigers result from recessive genes and are prone to some health issues due to genetic mutation. White tiger’s sensitivity to anesthesia makes it difficult to treat them using any sedatives.
12. Common in pop culture
The famous TV shows that have showcased White tigers are Transformer: Beast Wars, 101 Dalmatian
White tigers are considered the eye-pleasing and attractive cause of their black and white stripe. They have been featured in many album covers, music videos, and book covers.
Many audiences of the entertainment industry have admired the quirky white color fur. White tigers attract many visitors in an exhibition showcasing exotic animals and at zoos.
13. Dark fur during winter
When exposed to a cold climate, the White tiger’s fur turns darker, sharing similar traits with Siamese Cats and Himalayan Rabbits.
They result from naturally occurring genetic pigmentation, although being in the same category as the orange Bengal tiger, they have many differences.
14. White tigers are not nocturnal
White tigers are not nocturnal, but they prefer hunting in the dark, and their capture rate is high at night. White tiger’s spectacular hearing and sight, along with stealth, help them to hunt easily in the dark.
15. They are not albinos
As mentioned above, white tigers face loss in pigmentation, which makes people think they are albinos. They aren’t. This genetic condition is known as leucism.
White tigers are Bengal tigers. Let’s say they are a unique form of Bengal Tigers. Facts about White tigers being the albinos are just the misconception.
When two Bengal Tigers carrying recessive gene successfully mates and give birth to cubs, white tigers are born. The recessive genes present in parents are responsible for controlling color coats.
It is a rare genetic mutation seen in tigers. Most zoos try to get white tigers by inbreeding father to daughter and father to granddaughter to get the recessive genes.
Likewise, White lions are also not considered albinos as they suffer from leucism, lack of color due to gene pigmentation.
16. Down Syndrome
White tigers born in the wild are susceptible to many genetic problems resulting from the mutation of recessive genes. They have a weak immunity system compared to other purebred.
The inbreeding of these tigers resulted in many genetic problems like down syndrome, cleft palates, mental impairment, and scoliosis of the spine.
Most of the cubs born after inbreeding have severe health issues are exiled from the zoo, and the cubs born with fewer health issues die very young.
There is a mixed concept about white tigers inbreeding; some say it’s animal abuse for making money, and others support for the conservation of White tigers.
17. They got listed as an endangered animal
IUCN has listed White Bengal Tigers as an endangered species. They are in the verse of extension due to many reasons, like trophy hunting.
Hence to eliminate such problems, many conservationists encourage inbreeding techniques to increase the population of white tigers. Also, we can conserve them by protecting their habitat.
According to the research and Indian Tiger Welfare Society, there are only 200 white tigers remaining. These facts about White Tigers are discouraging but need a voice in preserving their habitat.
18. Threats to white tigers
Apart from humans, some animals can be a threat to these tigers. Animals like large buffaloes, Rhinos, Bears, and Elephants can be dangerous to tigers sometimes.
Usually, these tigers don’t hunt comparatively larger animals until they are hungry or their cubs get attacked. However, tigers are cautious and alert every time.
Apart from these animals, the main predator of tigers are we human beings. Human beings have gone way too far to torture tigers.
White tigers, as well as other tigers, get hunted by human beings for their skin. Human beings also believe in superstitious activities that stimulate them to kill tigers.
Human beings have destructed and damaged the natural habitat of tigers for their selfish purposes. The frustrating facts about White Tigers population are they have declined by over 96% in the past 100 years.
Nature is full of surprises and has gifted earth with such beautiful creatures all around the world with adaptable features, characters, and habitats. These are some facts about White Tigers that might have entertained you.(Last Updated On: June 1, 2022)