Artificial intelligence, abbreviated as AI, is a human-like intelligence system/machine. Artificial Intelligence is the technology that tries to simulate human reasoning/human brain in machines or computers.

So in this technology, machines are programmed to think like humans. In simpler words, artificial intelligence is the capability of a computer program to learn, think, and do tasks like humans. There are many pros and cons of artificial intelligence, so the professional advice is required for better operation and output.

Artificial Intelligence

The core principle of AI is to make a computer or machine to mimic the capabilities of the human mind/human reasoning. These machines perform tasks in a very similar way to human brains, often by sensing and responding to a feature of their environment.

In addition to these, they also have the capability of identifying objects, knowledge, and responding to language, making decisions, solving problems.

Artificial Intelligence is solely devoted to developing artificial humans, the machines which can perform human-like tasks. These machines perform tasks that typically require human intelligence.


The major study of AI started in the 1950s though there have been various theories about humanoids in Greek and Egyptian mythology. In 1950, a British mathematician published a paper centered on how to build an intelligent machine, which caught the interests of various scientists on artificial intelligence.

The field of AI research was born at the Dartmouth College conference in 1956, where the term ‘Artificial Intelligence’ was coined for the first time by John McCarthy. John McCarthy is recognized as the father of AI.

From 1957 to 1975, the field of AI has started to grow as the computer become cheaper and faster. In the late 1970s, the interests in the fields of AI dropped off: however restored in the early 1980s.In 1997, IBMs Deep Blue computer beat the world chess champion, which showed machines are no less intelligent than humans.

In early 2000, due to the easy accessibility of computers and their high computing capability helped AI to achieve new heights. AI nowadays became super-advanced that goes beyond human capacity.

AI has made our life much easier through various means and now has become part of our daily lives. Artificial Intelligence improves accuracy, speed, and the effectiveness of human efforts.

For example, AI helps to identify you in a group photo or correct grammar in the text phrase, or fraud detection in online transactions/payments. It is hard to imagine life without AI as it is intertwined with everything we do. Here are a few points’ supports why AI is needed,

  • AI influences the business
  • AI is improving healthcare
  • AI performs tedious tasks
  • AI helps in Fraud detection
  • AI performs tasks with high accuracy
  • AI has application in diverse sectors

    Pros and Cons of Artificial Intelligence

    Though AI is of great use in our daily lives; however, there are some downsides associated with it. Below are some advantages and disadvantages of AI,

pros and cons of artificial intelligence

These machines can do jobs at much higher speed, with more precision, and in a shorter time.AI is everywhere, from auto-search on Google to self-driving cars.

Advantages of Artificial Intelligence

AI has made our daily life much easier through various means. Advanced artificial intelligence can do tasks such as communicating with humans, voice recognition, facial recognition, driving cars, playing chess, self-learning, and many more. The movie/series recommendation that you get on Netflix/YouTube is also due to AI.

1. Reduction of human error

Unlike humans, AI are capable performing complex operation without any room for an error. AI operates on the basis of the gathered information and data along with the set of rules and algorithm.

2. Digital Assistance

AI interacts with your customer through chat bot as soon as they receive the message. Not only reduces the human resources but quick reply will grab attention of your customer. Most AI are so advanced that it’s hard to distinguish between the human and AI based chat bot.

3. Zero risk

AI has no limitation or criteria, it all depends on how or why its built or its purpose. AI replace humans in many fields like burning fire, deep down the ocean, to the bomb diffusion and many more, where humans could be facing life threatening situations, AI can easily handle it.

4. Increase work efficiency

Humans work efficiency depends or differ in their mood, and emotion. The outcomes varies when they are stress free and in stress. This doesn’t happen in the case of AI, they are programmed to follow certain instructions to get the desired output.

5. Increase productivity

AI works on the basis of algorithm and input given to them. They do not need any break, and work non stop. When the margin of error is less the productivity increases. AI technologies takes decision faster than human and perform every action quicker.

6. 24/7 availability

According to research, humans are productive for only about 4-6 hours and needs a break to calm their mind. In the other hand AI can work continuously without any break and are programmed to give the desired outcome.

7. Daily application

Facial recognition devices embedded in phones, laptops makes your device secure. Spam filters that filters the email with harmful content. Mostly used AI application for daily use are Google Ok, Siri, Alexa and many more which has helped many people in day to day life.

8. New invention

AI are crucial in 21st century’s revolutionary and advanced inventions on digital technologies. These AI based software are used in biotechnology and robotics, where the complex problem has to be addressed with pin point perfection.

Cons of Artificial Intelligence

Well, AI is not just about robots, rather a broad topic in computer science. It includes advanced topics like machine learning, neural networks, deep learning. AI capable of updating itself is seen has a threat for humanity.

Here are some cons of artificial intelligence:

1. Costly

Artificial intelligence has to update its software and hardware to meet up the latest requirements. The machine with the ability to replace human resources has to comprise some complex equipment and equations. These feature will take enormous amount of cost as per their operation.

2. Lazy humans

Humans are now too dependent on AI to do their work, AI based application and product to complete their task. This doesn’t seem to affect this generation but will surely hamper the health and upbringing of future generations.

3. No ethics

The only feature that cannot be installed into an AI is ethics and morality. The fast growing progress of AI has aroused these concern in many individuals. AI has started talking to themselves and has generated their own language which is impossible for us to decode.

4. No creativity

AI are assigned to perform certain task and follow strict algorithm to give the desired outcome. They are capable of learning overtime but they are unable to implement the out of the box ideas. AI lacks creativity.

5. Unemployment

AI are replacing many human jobs, as they are preferred by many organization for perfect execution, improved productivity, and complex decision making. Many organization are replacing moderate employees with AI robots for work efficiency.

Major Companies Working on AI

From Amazon to Google and Microsoft, every major tech company is working on AI to deliver the best AI experience ever. Here are some of the major companies working in the field of AI,

  • Amazon
  • Google
  • Microsoft
  • OpenAI
  • IBM
  • Tempus
  • AEye
  • AlphaSense
  • Nauto
  • Grammarly

Uses of Artificial Intelligence

Artificial intelligence is used almost everywhere, from your smartphone to business to medical science. The face ID you use every day to unlock your smartphone use AI, the video recommendation on YouTube uses AI, the self-driving cars use AI.

There are innumerable uses of AI. Let’s point of some of them,

1. Chatbots

It is a computer-generated assistant that serves as an online customer service representative. It is mainly used by the finance company or a service providing company to serve its customers.

2. Artificial Intelligence In eCommerce

The use of AI in business help in sales, market, makes the company gain much profit in less budget and time.

3. Artificial Intelligence In Medical Sciences

From disease detection to robotic surgery, AI has been a great help in the medical field.

4. Voice assistants

Voice assistants like Alexa, Siri, Bixby, Cortona use machine learning technology, which is a part of AI.

5. Home Appliances

Home appliances such as the thermostat and air conditioner use advanced algorithms to predict the temperature needs and adjust the right temperature for you.

6. Self-driving Car

The self-driving feature in the car is one of the biggest use of AI. Tesla has manufactured a self-driving car.

Furthermore, it can help in logistics, supply chains, game betting industries, hotel chains.

Apart from these, there are various other uses of AI like text prediction, plagiarism checking, fraud detection, image detection, etc.

Every technology has both pros and cons, but the advantages of AI overweight’s disadvantages. AI has improved the way we think and the way we perform daily tasks.

Though it creates unemployment, it increases overall productivity. With the help of AI, we are getting a better opportunity to define our needs and transform those needs into reality.

(Last Updated On: June 1, 2022)