(Last Updated On: September 1, 2022)

Artificial intelligence, abbreviated as AI, is a human-like intelligence system/machine. Artificial Intelligence is the technology that tries to simulate human reasoning/human brain in machines or computers.

So in this technology, machines are programmed to think like humans. In simpler words, artificial intelligence is the capability of a computer program to learn, think, and do tasks like humans. There are many pros and cons of artificial intelligence, so professional advice is required for better operation and output.

Artificial Intelligence

The core principle of AI is to make a computer or machine mimic the capabilities of the human mind/human reasoning. These machines perform tasks in a very similar way to human brains, often by sensing and responding to a feature of their environment.

In addition to these, they also have the capability of identifying objects, knowledge and responding to language, making decisions, and solving problems.

Artificial Intelligence is solely devoted to developing artificial humans, machines that can perform human-like tasks. These machines perform tasks that typically require human intelligence.


The major study of AI started in the 1950s though there have been various theories about humanoids in Greek and Egyptian mythology. In 1950, a British mathematician published a paper centered on how to build an intelligent machine, which caught the interest of various scientists on artificial intelligence.

The field of AI research was born at the Dartmouth College conference in 1956, where the term ‘Artificial Intelligence was coined for the first time by John McCarthy. John McCarthy is recognized as the father of AI.

From 1957 to 1975, the field of AI started to grow as the computer become cheaper and faster. In the late 1970s, the interest in the fields of AI dropped off: however restored in the early 1980s.In 1997, IBM’s Deep Blue computer beat the world chess champion, which showed machines are no less intelligent than humans.

In the early 2000, the easy accessibility of computers and their high computing capability helped AI to achieve new heights. AI nowadays became super-advanced that goes beyond human capacity.

AI has made our life much easier through various means and now has become part of our daily lives. Artificial Intelligence improves accuracy, speed, and the effectiveness of human efforts.

For example, AI helps to identify you in a group photo or correct grammar in the text phrase, or fraud detection in online transactions/payments. It is hard to imagine life without AI as it is intertwined with everything we do. Here are a few points that support why AI is needed,

  • AI influences the business
  • AI is improving healthcare
  • AI performs tedious tasks
  • AI helps in Fraud detection
  • AI performs tasks with high accuracy
  • AI has applications in diverse sectors

Pros and Cons of Artificial Intelligence

Though AI is of great use in our daily lives; however, there are some downsides associated with it. Below are some advantages and disadvantages of artificial intelligence.

Pros and cons of Artificial Intelligence

These machines can do jobs at a much higher speed, with more precision, and in a shorter time.AI is everywhere, from auto-search on Google to self-driving cars.

Pros of Artificial Intelligence

AI has made our daily life much easier through various means. Advanced artificial intelligence can do tasks such as communicating with humans, voice recognition, facial recognition, driving cars, playing chess, self-learning, and many more.

The movie/series recommendation that you get on Netflix/YouTube is also due to artificial intelligence. Here are some of the pros of artificial intelligence.

1. Reduction of human error

Unlike humans, AI is capable of performing complex operations without any room for error. AI operates on the basis of the gathered information and data along with the set of rules and algorithms.

2. Digital Assistance

AI interacts with your customer through the chatbot as soon as they receive the message. Not only reduces the human resources but quick replies will grab the attention of your customer. Most AI is so advanced that it’s hard to distinguish between human and AI-based chatbots.

3. Zero risk

AI has no limitations or criteria, it all depends on how or why its built or its purpose. AI replaces humans in many fields burning fire, deep down the ocean, bomb diffusion, and many more, where humans could be facing life-threatening situations, AI can easily handle it.

4. Increase work efficiency

Humans’ work efficiency depends or differs on their moods and emotion. The outcomes vary when they are stress-free and in stress. This doesn’t happen in the case of AI, they are programmed to follow certain instructions to get the desired output.

5. Increase productivity

AI works on the basis of algorithms and input given to them. They do not need any breaks and work non-stop. When the margin of error is fewer productivity increases. AI technologies take decisions faster than humans and perform every action quicker.

6. 24/7 availability

According to research, humans are productive for only about 4-6 hours and needs a break to calm their mind. On the other hand, AI can work continuously without any break and is programmed to give the desired outcome.

7. Daily application

Facial recognition devices embedded in phones, and laptops make your device secure. Spam filters that filter email with harmful content. Mostly used AI application for daily use are Google Ok, Siri, Alexa, and many more which has helped many people in day-to-day life.

8. New invention

AI is crucial in the 21st century’s revolutionary and advanced inventions of digital technologies. This AI-based software is used in biotechnology and robotics, where the complex problem has to be addressed with pinpoint perfection.

Cons of Artificial Intelligence

Well, AI is not just about robots, but rather a broad topic in computer science. It includes advanced topics like machine learning, neural networks, and deep learning. AI capable of updating itself is seen as a threat to humanity.

Here are some cons of artificial intelligence:

1. Costly

Artificial intelligence has to update its software and hardware to meet up the latest requirements. The machine with the ability to replace human resources has to comprise some complex equipment and equations. These features will take an enormous amount of cost as per their operation.

2. Lazy humans

Humans are now too dependent on AI to do their work, AI-based application, and product to complete their tasks. This doesn’t seem to affect this generation but will surely hamper the health and upbringing of future generations.

3. No ethics

The only feature that cannot be installed into an AI is ethics and morality. The fast-growing progress of AI has aroused these concerns in many individuals. AI has started talking to itself and has generated its own language which is impossible for us to decode.

4. No creativity

AI is assigned to perform certain tasks and follow a strict algorithm to give the desired outcome. They are capable of learning over time but they are unable to implement out-of-the-box ideas. AI lacks creativity.

5. Unemployment

AI is replacing many human jobs, as they are preferred by many organizations for perfect execution, improved productivity, and complex decision-making. Many organizations are replacing moderate employees with AI robots for work efficiency.

Major Companies Working on AI

From Amazon to Google and Microsoft, every major tech company is working on AI to deliver the best AI experience ever. Here are some of the major companies working in the field of AI,

  • Amazon
  • Google
  • Microsoft
  • OpenAI
  • IBM
  • Tempus
  • AEye
  • AlphaSense
  • Nauto
  • Grammarly

Uses of Artificial Intelligence

Artificial intelligence is used almost everywhere, from your smartphone to business to medical science. The face ID you use every day to unlock your smartphone use AI, the video recommendation on YouTube uses AI, and the self-driving cars use AI.

There are innumerable uses of AI. Let’s point out some of them,

1. Chatbots

It is a computer-generated assistant that serves as an online customer service representative. It is mainly used by finance companies or service-providing companies to serve their customers.

2. Artificial Intelligence In eCommerce

The use of AI in business help in sales, and market, and makes the company gain much profit in less budget and time.

3. Artificial Intelligence In Medical Sciences

From disease detection to robotic surgery, AI has been a great help in the medical field.

4. Voice assistants

Voice assistants like Alexa, Siri, Bixby, and Cortona use machine learning technology, which is a part of AI.

5. Home Appliances

Home appliances such as thermostats and air conditioners use advanced algorithms to predict the temperature needs and adjust the right temperature for you.

6. Self-driving Car

The self-driving feature in the car is one of the biggest use of AI. Tesla has manufactured a self-driving car.

Furthermore, it can help in logistics, supply chains, game betting industries, and hotel chains. Apart from these, there are various other uses of AI like text prediction, plagiarism checking, fraud detection, image detection, etc.

Every technology has both pros and cons, but the advantages of AI overweight’s disadvantages. AI has improved the way we think and the way we perform daily tasks.

Though it creates unemployment, it increases overall productivity. With the help of AI, we are getting a better opportunity to define our needs and transform those needs into reality.